Logos, Seals and Emblems


Below are some of the seal's, logos and emblems of the many different Nations.

In some cases I have managed to find information regarding the colors and meanings of these symbols and have included it. In others information seemed to be scarce. Also please note that over the generations some of the flags have changed in design or color.

If your flag or seal is not included here, and you would like it to, please email me and I will add it for you.


Seal of the Cherokee Nation

Cherokee of California

Cherokee Braves Battle Flag

Cherokee flag of peace






A new red-orange flag bearing the a band and three dancing women symbolizes the Caddo Nation of Oklahoma. It recently replaced the buff colored flag pictured here.

Over their lands flies the orange banner bearing their tribal seal. On the flag the seal is separated from the orange field by a medium blue ring bearing the name "Caddo Nation" in black at the top. This blue ring recalls the spirit's journey through life and beyond. This replaces a flag flown until recently that had a light buff colored background bearing the same seal, but the tribal name was written as "Caddo Indian Nation In Oklahoma"

The seal of the Caddo Nation features three women in 19th century Caddo dress performing the traditional "Turkey Dance". This dance is an old dance that is still performed today. The dance is performed by the women and children of the tribe who also sing, while the men sing and play the drums. The background of the tribal seal shows in outline, five Caddo men doing just that. The turkey dance is a tool used to foster a sense of confidence and well being while providing the Caddo with an outlet for mental stress and promoting physical endurance since the dance can last from one hour to all day!

The three dancing women wear dresses of green, closest to the hoist, red-orange and white in the center and lavender and with a white apron toward the fly.

At the base of the seal is a small round design symbolizing the door to the world beyond plus it recalls the four stages of life and the four primary directions of the compass. This symbol appears in yellow, red, green and white.

The flag was designed by a member of the Caddo tribe, Billie Hoff and has been manufactured commercially by the Homer Miller Co. of Oklahoma City.


When the Chickasaw Nation was officially formed on March 4, 1856, in Tishomingo, Oklahoma, the Chickasaw people honored War Chief Tishomingo by representing him on the Great Seal of the Chickasaw Nation. In addition, the figure represents the courageous Chickasaw people.


 The figure of the ancient Chickasaw warrior symbolizes the Chickasaw people, traditionally a people of great courage. The arrows held by the figure signify the two divisions of ancient Chickasaw tribal society. The warrior also commemorates the beloved Tishomingo, last of the war chiefs before the Chickasaws left their home in the east and were removed to live among the Choctaw in the west.

 About the Seal

1. The outer rim of the Seal is gold, and represents the purity of the Chickasaw people.

2. The inner rim of the Seal is light purple, and represents the honor of the Chickasaw people.

3. The two arrows held by the warrior represent the two divisions of ancient Chickasaw society. One group lived in the woods, and served as warriors, while the larger group lived in fortified towns.

4. The warrior commemorates War Chief Tishomingo and also represents all Chickasaw people.

5. The head feathers represent the four directions of the earth.

6. The band crossing over the warrior's left shoulder and passing under his right arm is known as the Warrior's Mantle and was made of swan feathers. It was a traditional decoration for great warriors.

7. The quiver was generally made of deerskin, with the bottom half being decorated with white fur. The quiver represents the hunting prowess of the Chickasaw warrior, as well as his willingness to defend his people. Since recorded history began on the mighty Chickasaw Nation, Chickasaw warriors have never been known to lose a battle.

8. The bow was made of hickory and also represented the hunting prowess of the Chickasaw people and the ability of a hunter to provide for his family.

9. The knee straps were made of deer hide strips and were a form of Chickasaw medicine. They were thought to bring fleetness to the wearer. Chickasaw warriors were known to be able to run for many hours in pursuit of their prey.

10. The shield was normally made of deer hide stretched over a frame. The shield signifies the protection of the warriors for all Chickasaw people.

11. The river in the background is the Mississippi River, which means "without source" in ancient Chickasaw. The river was crossed many thousands of years ago when the Chickasaws made their way to their promised land in the east.

12. The trees and plants within the Seal are those generally found near the Mississippi River and serve to remind the Chickasaw people of their original homelands.



Colville Confederate

Comanche Nation

The flag of the Comanche Nation celebrates their past status as the dominant tribe of the south central United States. That flag is divided vertically with blue at the viewers left, red at the right. The usual terms of hoist and fly cannot be used in this instance since two versions of the flag exist and one is double sided.

The "official" flag of the Comanche Nation, the equivalent of a government flag for a country, always bears the blue to the viewer's left. That means that on the obverse, the blue is to the hoist, while on the reverse, the blue is in the fly. The shield that serves as the seal of the Comanche nation also appears with the blue portion always to the viewer's left. According to the Public Information Office of the Comanche Tribe, the flag dates back to somewhere around 1991.

The seal is a Comanche shield divided roughly in half. The left portion is blue and has an undulating edge. The right portion is yellow and bears the red image of a Comanche warrior on horseback as it might have appeared when drawn on a tepee or actual shield.

The red horseman represents the name given to all Native Americans by the European settlers - the "red man". The curved line represents a snake moving in a backward motion. According to the legends of the Comanche people, they were known as the "Snakes" in ancient times. The yellow portion of the battle shield recalls the brightness of the sun and a state of happiness, while the blue represents loyalty.

The blue and red colors are derived from what is called British wool 'trade' blankets, the preferred wraps used by the Comanche when riding the Plains over a century ago. This reference to the blankets recalls, for the Comanche their life without boundaries, and a time when they were the true rulers of the Plains. It also boasts of the prowess of the Comanche as horsemen and warriors. These blankets were a critical element in many Comanche ceremonies.

The four feathers used on the shield when appearing as the seal of the Comanche Nation, as with many other tribes, recall the sacred number four - four directions, four seasons, four stages of life, etc. Another element of the Comanche that is shared by many other tribes is their name for themselves - "Numunu", which means, "The People". In the native tongues of at least a dozen tribes, their term of self reference simply means "the people".


Confederate of the Grand Ronde

Native peoples inhabited Oregon's inland valleys for thousands of years before white settlers arrived. The Confederated Tribes of the Grand Ronde Community of Oregon are the proud peoples of the Umpqua, the Rogue River, the Molalla, the Kalapuya, the Chasta and many other tribes whose roots go back thousands of years and whose ancestors represent the blending of many different cultures.

Cow Creek Band of the Umpqua Nation




End of the Trail Flag

(Trail Where They Cried)


The Iroquois Confederacy

Of all the various groups of Native Americans in the northeastern United States and southeastern Canada, none are more famous than the six nations that comprise the Iroquois Confederacy. Formed around 1570, the confederacy, or Iroquois League was originally comprised of five tribes. Starting from east to west, they were the Mohawks, Oneidas, Onondagas, Cayugas and the Senecas. In the early 1700s, the sixth tribe, the Tuscaroras migrated from North Carolina to the border regions between New York and Pennsylvania and united with the original five tribes into one cohesive alliance.

Known amongst themselves as the "Hodinoshone", or "People of the Long House", the Iroquois League dominated all its neighbors, drawing strength from its unity. From earliest times, the unity of the Iroquois was symbolized by a wampum belt fashioned in a pattern that has become known as "Hiawatha's Belt". Wampum, it should be mentioned, was a trading currency based upon small shells tied together into strings or entire picture tableaus.

"Hiawatha's Belt" was composed of five figures. In the center was what some have described as a heart, to others it was a great or sacred tree under which the Iroquois met in council. On either side of the central device were two differently sized squares. The squares were connected to each other, and to the central device by a narrow band.

The symbolism is quite clear. The five devices represent the five original tribes. From left to right they represent the Seneca, the keepers of the Western Door; the Cayugas, the "people of the marsh" and "keepers of the Great Pipe"; The Onondaga, who were the "name bearers" who kept the wampum belt that contained the history of the Iroquois; the Oneida, the "stone people" symbolized by the Great Tree; and lastly the Mohawk, the "keepers of the eastern door".

In the last thirty years or so, the unity of the Iroquois nations has grown increasingly stronger. Several confrontations between Iroquois and the governments of Quebec and New York have increased Iroquois self awareness.

This has led to the reemergence of "Hiawatha's Belt" as a symbol of the Iroquois. In modern times, what was once a wampum belt, now is reborn a a flag. Seen both in Canada and the United States, the blue flag bearing the symbol of the unity of the five nations has become a rallying symbol for Iroquois of all tribes.

Of all Native American flags, none has a longer history of representing its people than does "Hiawatha's Belt" - over 400 years!

Lumbee Logo

The circular shape of the Lumbee Logo is symbolic of the Circle of Life and it emphasizes the importance of each Lumbee being a whole person. The four parts of the circle represent the four qualities of a balanced life: the spiritual, the emotional, the physical, and the intellect.


Oglala Sioux

Today, the flag of red ..symbolizes the blood shed by the Sioux in defence of their lands and the very idea of the "red men".

The eight tipi's represent the eight districts of Pine Ridge Reservation...now a ninth district has recently been added to Pine Ridge

The flag is a very common sight at all Native American  powwows, not just at Sioux gatherings. Since its inception in 1961, the flag of the Oglala Sioux has taken on a larger role. More than any other flag, the flag of the Oglala Sioux could be considered "THE" flag of the Native American peoples.


The Oglala Band of the Teton have given the Sioux, and the United States two of the most famous people of all times.

Both Chief Red Cloud and Chief Crazy Horse were Oglala.


Matoska Sioux (1830)

Mandan Hidatsa







Nez Perce





Potawatomi seal


The Acoma, Aacqu or Aacqu hanoh

The Acoma are a tribe of the Keres. They are made up of clans, some connected to Hopi and Zia Pueblos. The name Acoma comes from "Ako", meaning white rock and "Ma", meaning people. Their origin belief is of two sisters, Ia'tik and Nao'tsiti, emerging into the world from underground.

The Acoma are widely known for the village of Acoma, called the Sky city. It is situated on a mesa, 357ft above ground. It can be accessed now by a staircase and vehicular road. Before the Europeans arrived it was accessed by a primitive staircase and hand and toe holes. It is one of the oldest continually inhabited communities in US (the other is the Hopi Pueblo of Oraibi in Arizona). It is at least 1,000 years old and the tribe believes it was inhabited before the time of Christ. Some elders claim that the name Acoma does not mean what is stated above, but rather a "place that always was."


Sac&Fox seal

Seminole of Florida

Seminole of Oklahoma

The flag of the Seminole Nation of Oklahoma is white and bears their tribal seal
in the center (Dena Brady, Acting Exec. Sec., letter, dated Feb. 15, 1995). That seal bears the tribal name in black letters surrounding a typical scene from the life of the Seminole back in Florida's Everglades (sample seal provided by Annin & Co, Roseland, NJ). Pictured in a Seminole dugout canoe is a warrior paddling up to a village.
Beyond the village are the lush green forests of the Everglades. All elements appear in natural colors ("Official Seals of the Five Civilized Tribes", (Oklahoma, City, The Oklahoma Chronicles, XVII:4, Dec. 1940, 357-359). It should be noted that the actual seal of the Seminole of Oklahoma that is the basis of this flag is being redesigned.The seal is not really changing, but the artistry is being brought up to date.

This was not the first flag of the Seminole nation. In 1861, the "True Democrat"
(Little Rock, AR) reported that the Seminole had been presented a flag by Miss Alice Leeper. Miss Leeper was the daughter of the Confederate agent to the Indian Territory.
This report was reprinted in the March 1991 edition of "The Looking Glass". The report described that flag as "A crescent and red star in a green union...", "bars of red and white", "for the Seminole, with the exception of diagonal bars" (comparing the flag of the Seminole against one presented to the Creek nation which had vertical bars".



The flag of the Seneca is white and bears the seal of the tribe in blue with red lettering in the center. The seal contains maps of the three reservations.

Surrounding the maps are eight animals, the beaver, the deer, a wolf, a bear, a turtle, a hawk, a heron and a snipe. These eight creatures are the totems, or emblems associated with particular Seneca clans. For the Seneca, the clan is a group of families all descended from a common ancestor.

Around the seal appear two legends in red. Over the top appears "Seneca Nation of Indians". Along the bottom is their title "Keepers of the Western Door".

Southern Ute


The Red Earth and Red Hill on the Horizon represents
 “La Tortuga,” the sacred
Place of our Birth…
The Genesis of the Tonkawa People.
The Sacred Pipe represents Tonkawa Spiritual
connectedness to the Creator
And the deliverance of life
 from the womb of the Mother Earth.
The Sacred Water Bird image represents
the rising up of the spirit and flesh of
The Tonkawa to assume its place
among God’s creation. The Red and Blue
bi-coloration portrays the
counter-forces of a worldly existence.
The Crimson Crescent represents
the sacred altar place of their church…

The foundation of our traditional religion.

The Rising Sun represents a new dawning

of the Tonkawa people…

A Renaissance of their Tribe
within a contemporary society.
The Twelve Stars represent the
original twelve clans of the Tonkawa Tribe.
The Circular Shape represents the
sacred and eternal circle of life…
At the center of which stands the
Almighty God as the Beginning and the